The Vineyards

When speaking of terroir, several factors, such as climate, geology and others, need to be considered, without neglecting the anthropic impact and its transformative action.
At Pian dell’Orino, we immediately felt the need for an in-depth study and reflection on these aspects in order to define the zoning of the estate in a manner that would enable us to develop our understanding of it and enhance the extraordinary and unique potential enshrined in each vineyard and in the grapes obtained from it.
Our vineyards are characterised by three main types of soil, each one corresponding to a distinct geological formation. Accordingly, we produce three different wines. Furthermore, we will produce a cru, which stems from a specific, singular vineyard and obtained in those years defined by a particular climate trend.

The origin of our wines

Brunello di Montalcino - Bassolino di Sopra DOCG 
Produced only in certain vintages, this wine is born in a section of the most highly elevated plot in Pian Bassolino. Production yield depends on the vintage, but never exceeds 30 hL/ha.
Vintages produced so far: 2004 Riserva, 2007, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016. 

Brunello di Montalcino - Vigneti del Versante DOCG
The grapes for this wine come from specific areas of the Pian Bassolino and Cancello Rosso vineyards characterised by types of soil designated to produce Brunello.

Rosso di Montalcino - Bassolino DOC 
The grapes come exclusively from the Pian Bassolino vineyard, and more specifically from the vines rooted in soil composed of various types of clay and lime (Canetolo Complex), i.e. slate, and foliated mudstone with calcarenite intercalations (Paleocene - Middle Eocene).  
Prior to vinification and depending on the vintage, we determine which Rosso we prefer to age.
Rosso di Montalcino DOC
This wine is produced with grapes from the Scopeta, Pian dell’Orino, and Pian Bassolino vineyards.
In the latter case, only the grapes from vines growing in the central part of the vineyard are selected, as the soil there is defined by strongly calcareous clays (Canetolo Complex), marl that breaks down easily, grey-blue clays from the Pliocene, Alberese limestone, and flysch.
The origin of the different types of soil varies and dates back to the uplift stage between the end of the Cretaceous and the beginning of the Tertiary Period. In the south-east vineyards, Calcareous marls are often mixed with volcanic elements derived from eruptions of Mount Amiata. The substantial  clay content enables grapes to develop fruity and fresh aromas.

Piandorino IGT
Piandorino grapes come from all five vineyards, with a preference for younger plants and those located on more clayey soil from the Pliocene.

Our vineyards


Name: “Pian dell’Orino” vineyard 
Surface of the vineyard: 1.0 ha  
Year of planting: 1997, extended in 2007
Variety: Sangiovese
Average elevation above sea level: 500 m 
Exposure: south/south west 
Training system: Spurred cordon and bilateral Guyot
Soil: clear, calcareous. Very fine clayey sediments with enclosed molluscs 

The Pian dell’Orino vineyard is located 500 m above sea level, protected by the rolling hills that stretch from Montalcino towards the volcanic cone of Mount Amiata. There, surrounded by the vineyards, stands the old farmhouse of the estate, with our home and cellar.
The vineyard, which has a south/south-west exposure, was planted at the end of the 1990s, with new plantings added around the new cellar in 2007, extending the surface to its current 0,7 ha. The choice of the training method fell on the spurred cordon system for the 1997 vineyard and on the bilateral Guyot for the more recent one.
The formation of the clear and calcareous soil of this vineyard started during a long period that extended to the Cretaceous, i.e. 70 million years ago, when the sea that was then present in this area deposited enormous quantities of calcareous sediments. In the Oligocene, 20 million years ago, this terrain emerged, forming and defining the hilly conformation of the area. Around 3 million years ago, the young continent was again flooded by the sea, eventually leading to the deposit of very fine sediments of clay with traces of molluscs. 


Name: “Pian Bassolino” vineyard 
Surface of the vineyard: 3.0 ha 
Year of planting: 1998 
Variety: 7 clones of Sangiovese
Average elevation above sea level: 340-390 m
Exposure: south/south west 
Grade: 13° 
Training system: Spurred cordon and Guyot
Planting density: 2.5 x 0.7 m
Soil: Soil derived from the alteration of underlying lithotypes. Continental conglomerate deposits (Ruscinian-Villafranchian); grey-brown argillites and calcilutites (Late Cretaceous - Palaeocene); siliciclastic-carbonate sandstone and siltstone (Late Cretaceous).

“Pian Bassolino” - Brunello di Montalcino Vineyard
Surface of the vineyard: 2.065 ha
Exposure: south/south-west
Training system: Spurred cordon
Rootstock: 110R, 101-14, 420A, 161-49, 3309C  
Soil texture: AS (S38/L25/C37)*

“Pian Bassolino” - Rosso di Montalcino Vineyard

Surface of the vineyard: 0.913 ha
Exposure: south-west
Training system: Guyot
Rootstock: 110R, 101-14, 420A, 161-49, 3309C
Soil texture: SL (S48/L28/C24)*

Planted in 1999 over a total surface of 3.0 ha, the Pian Bassolino vineyard is located a few kilometres away from the estate, towards Castelnuovo dell’Abate.
Formerly a field and pasture for sheep and goats, Pian Bassolino lies between 340 m and 390 m above sea level and has a south/south-west exposure, facing the omnipresent volcano Mount Amiata.
The mixed forests that surround our vineyards with their rich undergrowth, together with the neighbouring olive tree groves and cypresses lining the roads, are testimony of the moderate climate.


Name: “Scopeta” vineyard 
Surface of the vineyard: 0.7 ha 
Year of planting: 2005 
Variety: Sangiovese, 5 different clones
Average elevation above sea level: 270 m  
Exposure: south-east 
Grade: 19°
Training system: Guyot and Alberello 
Planting density: 2.2 x 0.8 m
Geological formation:
Soil derived from the alteration of underlying lithotypes.
Greyish silty marine clay (Pliocene). Uniform and very clayey calcareous boulder (Early Miocene - Late Oligocene)
Soil texture: AL (S24/L35/C41)*

The Scopeta vineyard is located between Castelnuovo dell’Abate and Sant’Angelo in Colle.
Thanks to its south-east exposure, it benefits from the morning sun while its slope of 35%  enables a maximum  amount of captured solar energy.
The leaves here are always the first to sprout in April and, in general, this vineyard is the starting point of our harvest.
The considerably clayey, uniform soil is high in limestone content and is characterised by a good water retention capacity.
The Scopeta grapes tend to develop particularly spicy and black fruit aromas.


Name: “Cancello Rosso” vineyard 
Surface of the vineyard: 0.7 ha 
Year of planting: 1997
Variety: Sangiovese
Average elevation above sea level: 340 m 
Exposure: south/south-west
Grade: 12°
Training system: Spurred cordon 
Geological formation: Santa Fiora Formation (Late Cretaceous - Early Palaeocene). Gravel, sand, and lime (Pliocene). Pelitic-arenaceous lithofacies - Pietraforte Formation (Late Cretaceous)
Soil: half composed of red earth (the reddish colour of the ground derives from broken down ferrous silicates); also clayey sediments, brown clay, and marly ground.
Soil texture: LS (S34/L42/C24)*

The Cancello Rosso vineyard is situated 340 m above sea level right next to an old travertine quarry indicative of considerably calcareous terrain, as well as sulphur springs that gush frequently in the surroundings of Mount Amiata.
With the naked eye , one can detect a land of varied colours. Yellowish clayey sediments alternate with brown clay and greyish shades of marlstone. The “terra rossa” (or red earth), a reddish ground that takes its colour from broken down ferrous silicates, covers approximately half of this vineyard’s surface.
The very deep soils encourage vines to push their roots well below the surface, where they extract minerals that are usually present in clayey soil and that give the grapes and wine a typical and familiar aroma of hazelnuts and spices.


Name: “Del Moro” vineyard 
Surface of the vineyard: 0.3 ha 
Year of planting: 2011
Variety: Sangiovese
Average elevation above sea level: 470 m  
Exposure: north-east
Training system: Alberello and bilateral Guyot
Soil: clear, calcareous. Very fine clayey sediments with traces of molluscs 

Re-planted in 2011, the Del Moro vineyard is an experimental vineyard that includes many different clones of Sangiovese with the aim of observing the genetic differences directly related to the conditions of our climate and territory.

As a result of these special conditions, the plant changes over the years, a phenomenon of great interest to us for the purposes of identifying the vines and clones most suitable for our work.
This vineyard is the main source for a massal selection for future new implants.
Find here a list of the clones we used  »

*(Sabbia/Limo/Argilla) analisi del 2019

Mappa Vigne Pian dell'Orino

New vineyards: old approaches

The scions we selected from seven different clones of the experimental Del Moro vineyard were grown in a nursery for a year.
In spring 2020, this selection led to the planting of two new vineyards of approximately 0.25 ha: the Pian dell’Oro vineyard and the Olivetello vineyard.


Located right next to Pian dell’Orino, this vineyard has a superior hill exposure sloping slightly towards the east.
No longer believers of the the widespread monoculture, we felt the need to explore new paths, leading us to decide to give up the use of artificial vine supports.
During our studies on ancient training forms, we were drawn to the concept of the “married vine” that emerged from Etruscan traditions and experiences.
In the 12th century B.C., the Etruscans took their first steps towards the cultivation of vines based on the observation of wild vines* that grew in forests. Imitating nature, they planted them at the feet of a living tree, which provided support to the vine, allowing it to develop upwards until it reached the treetop.
Over centuries, this system spread out under the influence of the Etruscan civilisation (all the way to the south of the Campania region, where many examples can still be observed nowadays), with only minor technical variations depending on regional practices. Indeed, a broad variety of trimming techniques developed in the different cultivated zones, and poplars, elms, field maples, olive trees, mulberries, and fig trees were selected as vine supports.
For this vineyard, we chose field maple, plum tree, whitebeam, and mulberry.

Surface area: 0.225 ha
Distance between logs: 2.8 m x 0.8 m
Planting density: 4450 logs/ha
Grape variety: Sangiovese, massal selection of 7 different clones from the experimental Del Moro vineyard

*Vitis vinivfera ssp. sylvestris, vitis vinifera ssp. caucasica and vitis vinifera ssp. sativa are subspecies of the vitis species present in the Eurasian region, and thus considered as the original, wild forms of our grape varieties. Isolated specimens of vitis sylvestris, which was once largely widespread in European forests, can still be found today. The grape variety vitis vinifera L.ssp. vinifera we all know very well today developed from these subspecies of vitis over millennia of training and selection. To date, over 5,000 cultivars have been selected.


The Greek influence which characterised the development of the south of the Italian peninsula led to the adoption of other forms and techniques of vine training.
Among these is the “gobelet” or “alberello” technique, which is particularly well suited to hot and dry climates.
The micro and meso-climatic conditions  south of Castelnuovo dell’Abate consequently encouraged the use of the alberello training method.

Surface area: 0.25 ha
Distance between logs: 2.5 m x 0.8 m
Planting density: 5000 logs/ha
Grape variety: Sangiovese, massal selection of 7 different clones from the experimental Del Moro vineyard